nation in distress

The World Anthem




On 20th July 2016 the Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Initiative unit of the US Department of Justice (US DoJ) filed a civil case against parties who had acquired certain assets in the US using money fraudulently diverted from funds raised by 1MDB (CLICK HERE):

The persons and affiliates stated in the indictment sheet are:

1. PM Najib Tun Razak, (Malaysia Official 1).
2. Riza Shahriz Bin Abdul Aziz or Riza Aziz, Rosmah's son and Najib's step-son.

3. Tan Sri Ismee Ismail, ex-1MDB Executive Director (1MDB Officer 1).
4. Shahrol Azral Ibrahim Halmi, ex-1MDB CEO (1MDB Officer 2).
5. Casey Tang/Jasmine Looi, ex-1MDB General Counsel and Executive Director (1MDB Officer 3).
6. Low Taek Jho (Jho Low), 37, 1MDB investment advisor. 
7. Khadem Abdulla Al Qubaisi, a Jho Low Abu Dhabi associate.
8. Mohamed Ahmed Badawy Al-Husseiny, another Jho Low Abu Dhabi associate.

From the table below, it is clear that Najib, Rosmah, Riza Aziz, Jho Low and their associates stole approximately RM15 billion of 1MDB funds raised in the US through Goldman Sachs:

It is also clear that Najib and Jho Low planned this mega fraud and looting in 2009 with Rosmah and Riza. As explained in my earlier blog post, Riza schooled with Jho Low in London. CLICK HERE. It was Najib who handpicked Jho Low! This is referred to by the US DoJ:

Of the RM15 billion, we can account for RM8.99 billion from the US DoJ document, that Jho Low, Najib and the others pocketed and spent/invested and blew for their own benefit in the US:

1. Qubaisy - RM1.89 billion
2. Husseiny - RM270 million
3. Casey Tang/Jasmine Looi - RM20 million
4. Riza Aziz - RM952 million
5. Prince Turki/Obaid - RM18 million
6. Najib - RM2.94 billion (he has yet to explain what happened to  US$620 million or RM2.48 billion transferred out to Tanore S'pore on 26 August 2013).
7. Jho Low & family RM2.88 billion:
(a) Artworks - RM940 million
(b) Properties - RM1.38 billion
(c) 22% shares in EMI - RM430 million
(d) Bombardier Jet - RM140 million

This still leaves RM 6.1 billion unaccounted for by Najib and Jho Low. He was also involved with Sarawak Chief Minister Taib and the huge sale of UMG bank shares and other deals in London. So, the money was spread out around the globe. CLICK HERE.

It is also obvious that Jho Low is Najib and Rosmah's nominee (front) for much of the "investments" held by him ultimately through his family trust company, Jynwel Capital incorporated in Hong Kong.

It also means that at least RM15 billion of assets shown as 'Investments Held for Sale' and 'Deposits with Aabar' etc. in 1MDB's 2014 balance sheet, are simply not there.

I say "at least" because 1MDB raised RM42 billion in loans and if there was blatant fraud from Jho Low's end in the USA, the chances are 100% certain that there was further fraud in Malaysia, committed by Najib and other executives in the company!

E.g. Najib, who is also the Finance Minister, Chief Secretary to MoF, Dr. Mohd Irwan Serigar Abdullah and Chief Secretary to the Government, Dr. Ali Hamsa, are hiding behind the OSA and refuse to make public exactly in what assets $4 billion borrowed by 1MDB (and later transferred to SRC) from KWAP was invested in! 

Also, IPIC of Abu Dhabi is suing 1MDB for US$6.5 billion or RM26 billion owed it, which 1MDB claims it had remitted to dummy  off-shore corporations set up by Jho Low, Qubaisy and Al-Husseiny!

Which is why everyone from Najib, CEO Arul, Deputy Ministers of Finance all lied that these investment were represented by (fake/non-existent) "Units".

Which is also why in 2016, auditors Deloitte resigned after announcing that their 1MDB audited accounts for 2013 and 2014 could not be relied upon. In short, the accounts stink to high heaven of massive fraud and cover up by Najib, Serigar, Ali Hamsa, Chairman and Board of Directors, CEO (s) and top executives, past and present, at 1MDB. Deloitte was unbelievably professionally negligent and should be taken to court by the government!

Yet, in recent days Finance Minister II Johari Abdul Ghani had the cheek to say that there has been no prosecution of anyone in Malaysia over the 1MDB fiasco because, we only have half the picture! Of course, if you only have half a brain, then you can only see half the picture. CLICK HERE.

In all likelihood, 1MDB has lost in excess of RM30 billion due to internal fraud, looting and plundering, as a matter of corporate  and UMNO culture.

Should anyone have expected any less, given that Dracula Najib and his government of werewolves and thieves were in charge of the blood bank?



Riza Shahriz Bin Abdul Aziz or Riza Aziz, is Rosmah's son and Najib's step-son. He has a BSc in Economics and Masters in Political Science from the London School of Economics. He schooled in London with Jho Low of 1MDB infamy. That is how Jho got to know Rosmah and Najib.

Riza shot to fame in 2013 as co-founder and owner of Red Granite Pictures, USA, which produced and financed the movie 'Wolf of Wall St' starring Leonardo DiCaprio. 

The $64,000 question is of course how and from where someone like Riza who was not known to be a tycoon, got US$64 million or RM256 million to bankroll the movie.

The answer is clearly stated in documents related to the July 2016 civil action indictment brought against Jho Low, Riza and others by the Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Initiative (aptly KARI) unit of the US Department of Justice (USDoJ). CLICK HERE.

The USDoJ document clearly identifies Riza by name, and Najib as MO1:

The DoJ has followed Riza's money trail to US6.5 billion raised in 2012 and 2013 by 1MDB through Goldman Sachs, USA.

In short, Riza received money that was clearly, fraudulently stolen by Najib from 1MDB, aided and abetted by Jho Low, a couple of Arabs in Abu Dhabi and the top management at 1MDB. Najib and his partners-in-crime had defrauded 1MDB to the tune of RM42 billion. Of this, US$238 million or RM952 million was transferred in various blocks in 2012 to Riza Aziz.

Riza used RM377 million to acquire upmarket properties in London, New York and Beverly Hills, California. Another $256 million was used to finance production of Wolf. Millions of ringgit more were transferred to the off-shore bank accounts of Eric Tan Kim Loong, which, it is now certain after a court hearing in Singapore, is a fake identity used by Jho Low to fool the financial authorities in USA, Switzerland, Singapore etc. to launder money. The table above shows how this easy and new-found money was moved around to pay for gambling debts, jet and super-yacht expenses and the high life! That includes $12.32 million misused to pay for Rosmah's diamond shopping in Hong Kong!

Some of the properties were first acquired by Jho Low who later added on a hefty profit margin before "selling" them to Riza!

Najib, Rosmah, Riza and Jho Low then tried to cover up the looting by producing fake letters purporting to show that they received these huge sums of money as donations and gifts from Arab parties:

1. The purported Al-Husseiny of Abu Dhabi "gift letter" to Riza.

The letter is clearly a fake because there was no US$94.5 million transferred to Riza Aziz; the amount, as shown in the table above, was US$94.3 million!!!

2. The purported, mysterious and as yet unidentified HRH Prince Saud Abdulaziz Al-Saud "donation" letter to Najib.

NB: Unusually, the letter has no email, telephone, address or any other contact numbers! Also, US$375 million is far short of RM2.6 billion that Najib claimed as Saudi "donation"!!

Suffice to say that all this thievery and fakery was pre-planned. The USDoJ document is full of Jho Low and his Mafia gifting each other billions of ringgit to avoid paying taxes all over the world. We all know that:

1. Money does not grow on trees.
2. No one gifts or donates billions of ringgit to perfect strangers or mere business acquaintances. Even Obama did not raise raise that much donation for his 2012 re-election campaign.
3. There is no free lunch.

Najib's ridiculous claim that $2.6 billion was a Saudi Royalty donation from which he did not benefit, has been dismissed by 6.99999 billion humans. Najib also conveniently forgot to mention that another, approximately RM 1.6 billion, had flowed through his account between 2011-2013. His further claim that he did not know several millions ringgit had been credited to his bank a/c, but spent it anyway, is the stuff of legends.

Riza seems to be following Najib's tactics by claiming in the US Court that he is the "innocent owner" of the RM952 million who did not know it was stolen from 1MDB, and that in any event, it had not been proven in any court that the money was stolen at all. We might just believe that Riza was innocent if he did not hold a Bsc degree in Economics and a Masters in Political Science from LSE. Is Riza honestly expecting us to believe he did not ask his mother Rosmah, step-father Najib and buddy Jho Low where all this hundred of millions of durian runtuh was coming from? Or that Rosmah, Najib and Jho did not tell him?

If only Riza had not schooled with Jho Low, if only Jho had not met Rosmah and Najib, if only......

But, the truth is 1MDB was short of cash and had to be bailed out with short-term loans of RM975 million by Najib's MOF, $4 billion re-financing arranged by tycoon Ananda Krishnan, and by flogging its prized IPP and land assets to Chinese government state-owned companies. The sale of IPPs - Edra - resulted in RM2 billion loss to 1MDB. Wide-spread public accusations that Najib has sold out our sovereignty to China to cover up his massive thievery, has much substance.

If some RM30 billion was not missing from 1MDB's bank, why these  desperate measures?

If there was no fraud at 1MDB: 

1. Why were auditors removed twice by Najib?
2. Why did Deloitte say their 2013 and 2014 audit reports could not be relied upon and resign in 2016?
3. Why have the accounts for 2015 and 2016 yet to be audited, delayed by 24 and 11 months?
4. Why did Najib and his stooge Attorney General classify the Auditor Genera's 1MDB report under the OSA. (This is actually Unconstitutional as neither PM Najib nor AG Pandi have any blocking authority over the Auditor General's report to Parliament).

The truth is Riza, Rosmah and Najib are the Malaysian Mafia who roped Jho Low (also Malaysian but apparently holds a US passport) into the heist of the century. Najib is using the full power of his office, and the sycophancy and corruption of UMNO/BN, the IGP, AG, Judiciary, MACC, PAC, Parliament and Bank Negara to thwart every attempt to send him and his family to prison for a long time. Their conduct is treasonous.

Najib has even convinced himself that if by flogging 1MDB's assets at a profit, and fraudulently diverting money from inflating other government projects, he is able to cover the huge short-fall in its books, he should be forgiven for his looting and plundering, and be awarded the Victoria Cross and the Nobel Accounting Prize!

The law however, is certainly not on his side. If you rob a bank and then replace that stolen money by robbing another bank, you get a longer jail sentence for two robberies.

If you "borrow" money from public funds, use it for your and your family's benefit, then somehow find the money to replace the debt, you still go to jail, at a bare minimum, for CBT (Criminal Breach of Trust).

So, looking at it 360 degrees, the quartet of Najib, Rosmah, Riza and Jho Loh are facing something like 36,000 years in jail for all their abuse of power, corruption, fraud, theft, CBT, accounting fraud, looting, plundering, internationally laundering public funds, AND TREASON! There's no two ways about it!

The IGP who is apparently conducting an investigation into 1MDB, announced that he has completed Phase1, whatever that means. He says he has to interview several witnesses, some based overseas. CLICK HERE.

But why did he not arrest Riza who in November 2016 was with Najib and Rosmah? And surely, Najib and Riza would co-operate in getting hold of Jho Low for a nice chat with the IGP over teh tarik and nasi lemak? 

What a bunch of crooks and serially liars we have in Najib and his family, and what  a government of thieves, in UMNO/BN!



Refer also to my earlier post. CLICK HERE.

By now, it is clear to every Malaysian and many others around the world too, that Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak and Rosmah are the main persons who plotted the $42 billion rape of 1MDB.

To this must be added $4 billion borrowed from KWAP and parked under SRC, which like 1MDB, is a 100% Ministry of Finance (MoF) owned company. Najib is also our Finance Minister under whom the MOF operates. Najib and the MoF have refused to make public exactly how and in what SRC's $4 billion was invested in, and have hidden behind the OSA (Official Secrets Act).

In their fraud, crime, looting and plundering spree, the Najibs were aided and abetted by many traitors - 1MDB's Chairman, Board of Directors and top executives like ex-CEO Shahrol Azral Ibrahim Halmi, Tan Sri Ismee Ismail, Jho Low, Riza Aziz, MoF Chief Secretary Dr.Mohd Irwan Serigar Abdullah, Chief Secretary to the Government Dr.Ali Hamsa, top bankers and lawyers. They are also responsible for one of the biggest fraud cover-ups in world history.

Between 2011-2013, some $4.2 billion was siphoned from 1MDB and SRC into Najib's personal bank account with AMMB. BNM Governor Yeti Akhtar Aziz knew about it and did nothing to expose blatant criminality including global money-laundering by Najib.

Najib incredibly claimed "I did not personally benefit" from the $4.2 billion.

The truth has been exposed by the WSJ and Sarawak Report and many leading newspapers in the world. Najib used the $4.2 billion to line his and Rosmah's pockets and to get himself re-elected as prime minister. His UMNO/BN pipped the Opposition to win the 2013 General Election by massive rigging of the electoral process and bribery.

There are serious questions, satisfactory answers to which have not been given by Najib:

1. By what right was Roshmah given the authority to spend more than $3.8 million for Chanel products and Italian jewellery from public funds?
2. Ditto on nearly $500,000 on cars for Najib's son Nor Ashman.
3. Najib claimed Solar Shine, headed by his ex-aide, was authorized to spend $172 million on food parcels, cash handouts, stationery etc. Really? Public money can be used for UMNO election campaigns and expenses? Where are the audited accounts and how much was Solar Shine paid for its "work"?
4. Local fabric company Jakel claimed it supplied clothes worth $54.88 million to the poor and needy. Proof? What was Jakel's profit?
5. Of the $4.2 billion, it has been confirmed that $2 billion was transferred by Najib to the Singapore bank account of an off-shore company, Tanore, controlled by his partner-in-crime Jho Low. Again, Najib has yet to explain what has happened to this money!
6. Much of what the $4.2 billion was spent on is still a big mystery!

$952 million of 1MDB funds were also fraudulently diverted by Najib and Rosmah to their son Riza Aziz. Much of that was used to buy upmarket condos and works of art in London, New York etc. Some of it was also used to finance Riza's Red Granite Picture's movie 'Wolf of Wall Street' starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Riza claimed that $377 million of it was a "no strings attached gift" from Abu Dhabi Arabs. (In the same way that Najib lied $2.6 billion in his bank account was a "donation" from member(s) of  the Saudi Arabia Royal family). 

Do remember too that Asia Sentinel has printed it in black and white that three murders - Altantuya, Najadi, Morais - revolve around Najib.

In recent days and months, arm-chair economists and campaigners for clean elections have argued somewhat naively and misguidedly, that perhaps with a not so united Opposition, we might as well settle for another four years under Najib.

Let me put it this way:

I would rather have Hitler, Stalin or Mao than Najib for one day more! 



As emailed by me to a closed group last week, Nazri misled the Rakyat once again. I had also challenged Nazri's stupid statement via twitter and comments in Facebook and Mkini.

He claimed that Saudi Arabia King Salman's visit to Malaysia last week was proof there was nothing "shady" about Najib's blatant lie that he received a $2.6 billion donation from a "Saudi Royalty". CLICK HERE.

Here are the facts:

1. The $2.6 billion was transferred to Najib's personal bank account with AMMB in March 2013. CLICK HERE.

2. At that time, the ruler of Saudi Arabia was King Abdullah.

3. King Abdullah died on 23 January 2015. He was succeeded by his half-brother, now King Salman. CLICK HERE.

4. In July 2016, the the Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Initiative unit of the United States Department of Justice (USDoJ) had filed a civil action to recover more than US$1 billion from Najib's step son Riza Shahrin bin Abdul Aziz, crony Low Taek Jho (Jho Low) and certain officers of 1MDB. The USDoJ had charged that these parties and others had misused, laudered and illegally enriched themselves from the proceeds of US$7 billion raised by Goldman Sachs for 1MDB. 

1MDB, 100% owned by Malaysia's Ministry of Finance (MoF) was initiated in 2009 by Najib who is also the Finance Minister and was the Chief of its Advisory Baord with sole authority to approve its fund raising and investments.

As clearly identified in the USDoJ affidavit and investigation details, US$681 million (RM2.6 billion) was routed by Jho Low to Najib's personal AMMB bank account in March 2013. Refer Points 259-264 of the affidavit at CLICK HERE.

There, Najib is referred to as 'Malaysian Official 1 (MO1):

Point 28. Malaysian Official 1 is a high-ranking official in Malaysia government who also held a position of authority with 1MDB. 

Point 29. Riza Shahrin Bin Abdul Aziz, a Malaysian national, is a relative of Malaysian Official 1, and a friend of LOW.

There is therefore no doubt whatsoever that MO1 is Malaysian Prime Minister and Finance Minister Njaib Tun Razak!!! 

The USDoJ document and audit trail makes it very clear that the RM2.6 billion did not come from any Arab King or Royalty, but was wired from off-shore dummy corporations set up by Jhho Low.

So, as to Nazri's pathetic attempt to support his ATM Najib, it's obvious King Salman made no mention of the RM2.6 billion because no Arab, King, Royalty or otherwise, made any "donation" to Najib or anyone. In any event, it all happened before King Salman's time, so he would have no knowledge of a non-existent "donation". Money does not grow on trees, and no one is going to "donate" RM2.6 billion to Najib, when even Obama did not get donations anywhere near that amount for his Presidential campaigns.

A certain UMNO MP whose wife was recently appointed Auditor General, had claimed that the Arabs had donated it in recognition of Najib's stance against ISIS. The only problem was, the ignorant Najib had at first praised ISIS, and then quickly retracted his blunder. And, the RM2.6 billion had arrived at Najib's bank account BEFORE ISIS had been formed! One lie leads to another and another!

Oh, how the sycophants will lie to protect their jobs and gaji buta salries and perks! What a disgrace Najib and his government of thieves are to Malaysia, more so since they are mostly all Malay Muslims who wear their religion on their sleeves and say they will answer to only Allah!

And the final proof that Najib has been looting 1MDB of RM42 billion and lying through his eyeteeth?:

That empty threat designed to fool the uneducated natives in the boondocks has been issued for over a year now, with no action. Shameless crook!



There are times you want to keep out of domestic religious controversies, given that many in Malaysia are possessed of a siege mentality where Islam is concerned. However, what happened recently is so dangerous and outrageous that no one should keep quiet and allow the rottenness to fester further.

Especially not, when PM Najib, Deputy PM & Home Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi and the BN Cabinet continue to wine and dine the dangerous Zakir Naik who is wanted in India for radicalising Muslim youth, making hate speech and suspected of being involved in terrorist activities. Zakir, who was also banned in UK, Canada and Bangladesh, has apparently been granted PR in Malaysia. In India, he is being investigated too for massive accounting fraud and money-laundering.

Najib and his government of thieves do not seem to have learnt anything from Malaysia granting 17 years of shelter to Indonesian Abu Bakar Bashir who was convicted of terrorism in 2005 and was responsible for many an innocent death, especially 14 in the 2002 Bali bombing. Or, from the fact that Malaysia has seen a few thousand radicalised Malay-Muslims go fight on the side of the Taliban ans ISIS, and  produced some of the top terrorist bomb-makers like Azahari!

On Monday 13th February 2017, Pastor Raymong Koh, 62, was kidnapped from his silver Honda Civic ST 5515 D, in broad daylight in Kelana Jaya, Petaling Jaya, Selangor between 10.31:42 and 10.32:39 a.m. At least five men in ski-masks were involved in the kidnapping. Later that day, the pastor's family handed over to the police CCTV camera footage which showed:

1. The involvement of 7 vehicles in the abduction, including several SUVs, a Toyota Alphard and two motorcycles.
2. The military-like precision with which the kidnapping was executed.
3. With chilling coolness, the kidnappers getting down from their vehicles to direct traffic as they made their escape!

In 2011, JAIS (Jabatan Agama Islam Selangor or the Selangor Islamic Religious Department) raided, without search warrants, a church thanksgiving and fund-raising dinner at the DUMC (Damansara Utama Methodist Church), alleging Muslims were being converted to Christianity. JAIS was subsequently unable to produce a shred of evidence to substantiate its Draconian action against Pastor Raymond's NGO, Harapan Komunity which had organised the event. CLICK HERE.

Following Pastor Raymond's abduction, there has been considerable speculation in social media, twitter, online news portals and blogs that the kidnapping was in retaliation for the humiliation JAIS suffered from the 2011 raid, a disaster of its own making. Then, former Selangor Exco-member Hasan Ali had raised the temperature with his ill-advised rhetoric and false claims.

What is even more incredible is that the Inspector General of Police, Khalid Abu Bakar (IGP), finally got around to announcing a 'Task Force' to look into the kidnapping, only some 10 days AFTER the police had in their possession what must, by all accounts of STAR journalists, be a clear recording of the event!

So, it's clear the IGP is playing games. It would take no more than one hour for the police to identify the owners of the kidnappers' vehicles. Yet, till today, there has not been a peep from the IGP or the authorities. More startlingly, there has been no statement on this heinous crime from Home & Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, PM Najib or a single UMNO/BN Minister!

Such apparent inaction and blackout by the authorities and government, suggests, at best, a cover-up; at worst a conspiracy by rogue JAIS officers and fundamental extremists. The fact that the kidnappers have yet to contact the pastor's family or demand any ransom suggests very dark motives and that the worse fate may have befallen the pastor. 

Pastor Raymond's son has voiced out out that he suspects his father was abducted to be killed. Does that not bring a lump to your throat? Who can read it without shedding tears? CLICK HERE.

What we are witnessing is an IGP unwilling to act, and participating in a blatant cover-up to somehow prevent the global condemnation that is bound to follow when the truth emerges. Given the assassination at KLIA, on 13th February too, of N.Korean Kim Jong-nam, this kidnapping could not have occurred at a worst moment for PM Najib and UMNO/BN, with the General Election looming on the horizon.

Remember too that Asia Sentinel (AS) has printed in black & white that 3 murders - Altantuya, Hussain Najadi and Kevin Morais - revolve around Najib. CLICK HERE. Najib's reputation and image have been battered internationally. Exposes by WSJ, Sarawak Report and AS have proven him a serial liar who is mainly responsible for the RM42 billion fraud at 100% state-owned 1MDB. Much of the looted money has ended up in Najib and Rosmah's own back-pockets!

We are witnessing a dangerous totalitarian, Hitler/Stalin/Mao regime in its death throes. That is why the IGP is unable to see clear his duties to the citizens. Instead he is acting to protect thieves, looters, defrauders, con men, kidnappers and murderers out of a false notion of what Islam is. This is the same IGP who first snubbed a High Court order, then when ordered by the Federal Court, still stubbornly refuses to arrest poor Indira Gandhi's Indian husband, Muhammad Riduan Abdullah aka K.Pathmanathan, who kidnapped their children and converted them illegally to Islam! So, we know the type of paralysis that grips the IGP's mind!

When all is said and done, and when the government of the day which the Citizens consented to and empowered to rule, refuses to do what is right, everyone of us who has a conscience, must act or be prepared to lose everything - house, home, family, children, wealth, status, welfare, law, order, honour, integrity, FREEDOM and LIFE!

Do not just read this blog post and walk away shrugging your shoulders and saying that nothing can be done. Call, email, sms, tweet, do whatever it takes to contact your State Assemblyman/ADUN or MP  and get them to petition the IGP, Home Minister, Najib and government for action and answers.

We must bring to book all those responsible for Pastor Raymond's fate as soon as possible. Collectively, we can crush this government of serial liars, thieves, thugs, fascist Gestapo Nazis, defrauders, looters, plunderers and murderers!

JUST DO IT! Link to full details of the kidnapping from day 1. CLICK HERE.



by  CLICK HERE. For Sri Lanka's Chinacation problems CLICK HERE.

In an effort to blunt growing concerns over China’s increasing footprint in Malaysia, an argument is being made that China is no different from any other country and should therefore be viewed and treated no differently.
Those who make this argument insist that there is no difference, for example, between investments from China and investments from other countries. They also wonder out loud why there are no corresponding concerns about sovereignty and related issues when other nations invest in Malaysia or when other foreigners take up residence under the Malaysia My Second Home programme (MM2H).
Is China no different from any other country?
Whatever the merits or otherwise of closer economic and political ties with China, one thing is clear enough: by almost any reckoning China is unlike any other country we deal with. Indeed, China poses a unique set of challenges that sets it apart from other countries.
The big-power reality
In the first place, China is the region’s predominant power.
History teaches us that big powers invariably seek to establish spheres of influence and exert hegemonic control over their neighbours.
Both the United States and the former Soviet Union did so in Latin America and Eastern Europe respectively. Supportive governments were maintained; recalcitrant ones were replaced. As well, a framework of political, economic and military ties was constructed to bind the respective regions to the local hegemon.
All China’s economic, diplomatic and military interactions thus far suggest that China is following a similar pattern vis-à-vis Southeast Asia.
The One Belt, One Road (OBOR) strategy, for example, is not simply a regional development strategy; it is primarily a geopolitical construct designed to help China secure a dominant position in the region, binding Southeast Asia to itself in a web of economic and other ties. Once fully in place, countries like Malaysia will be inextricably and inexorably jointed at the hip to China.
China’s moves to neutralize ASEAN’s ability to act independently of China, its heavy-handed response to the Philippines over the Hague ruling, its aggressive intrusions into disputed waters, its growing influence in the domestic affairs of its neighbours, its steady military build-up in the South China Sea, etc., also suggest the pursuit of a wider regional agenda typical of big powers.
Tun Razak himself, the architect of our relations with China, recognized these dangers and went to extraordinary lengths to help construct a framework – ASEAN, the Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality, the Southeast Asia Nuclear Free Zone, the Five Power Defence Arrangement, and a loose defence arrangement with the United States – to mitigate whatever ambitions China might have.
Even the inclusion of Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar in ASEAN was predicated upon a similar calculus.
It was a sensible, common sense approach given China’s proximity, power and ambitions.
China also poses unique challenges to the integrity of our domestic political process.
Recognizing the potential for interference in our domestic affairs, and the dangers to both national security and national unity, Tun Razak also insisted on strict respect for the principle of non-interference and put in place what was in effect an internal firewall to keep China out of our domestic affairs.
In order to curry favour with China and keep open the spigot of investments, loans and deals, the firewall has now been progressively compromised with predictable consequences.
Despite its oft-repeated commitment to the principle of non-interference, the Chinese embassy increasingly thinks nothing of warning opposition leaders who question the direction of Malaysia-China relations or favouring certain political parties by its high-profile attendance at conferences and political events. It is even attempting to position itself as one of the principal interlocutors of the Malaysian Chinese community.
There are also indications that it may be co-opting local groups to do its bidding in classic united front fashion.
Just last week, for example, a local trade association lodged a police report against a planned march by the Falun Xiulian Dafa Association, a legally registered body in Malaysia which Beijing violently opposes.

Interestingly, among the reasons given was that Falun Gong is banned in China and that the march might adversely affect Malaysia-China relations. All local Chinese associations were also urged to unite against the planned Falun Gong march and lodge police reports against them.
Even some of our political parties are now behaving more like extensions of the PRC embassy – setting up PRC affairs committees and OBOR centres – than as Malaysian political parties.
Needless to say, the more China has to lose, the more it will be tempted to involve itself in domestic affairs.
Indeed, the recent embassy statement that it would “not allow anyone to jeopardize… bilateral cooperation” can be taken as a warning that it will intervene where necessary to protect its interests. Furthermore, the billions of ringgit in infrastructure projects, business and trade deals that China brings to the table gives it unparalleled domestic leverage to influence and affect outcomes.
The ethnic factor and large-scale development projects 
There is also no point pretending that ethnicity as well as the potential numbers involved have no bearing on large-scale development projects like Forest City and Bandar Malaysia now being built by China-based companies and marketed almost exclusively to PRC nationals.
Given China’s population size, everything about China is huge – 10,000 students now studying in Malaysia, 4 million tourists expected this year. It is therefore not inconceivable that we’ll soon be playing host to hundreds of thousands of PRC residents when these cities are completed.
By contrast, between 2002 and mid-2016, only 30,194 foreign nationals from a number of different countries were approved to reside in Malaysia (MM2H official portal) and they were spread out across the country.
What are the national security implications of having large PRC enclaves in Malaysia? How far will China go to protect the investments, interests and security of its nationals in Malaysia?
Furthermore, will large concentrations of PRC nationals be accepted by the UMNO-PAS base itself given that Malaysia’s own ethnic Chinese have been consistently demonized and cast as an existential threat to Malay power, religion and culture? Will there be a pushback sooner or later? How will it affect Malaysia’s already frayed ethnic relations?
And how would our dysfunctional immigration system manage the influx of hundreds of thousands of additional temporary residents when it has done such an abysmal job of controlling our borders thus far?
While those with vested interests tend to play down these issues, the concerns are real enough.
If projects like Forest City are truly in the national interests, the authorities should lay before the nation the facts of the matter – what are the benefits, how many PRC nationals are expected to reside in these developments, what their status would be, what steps would be taken to ensure these development projects are fully integrated into local society, whether all relevant laws and regulations would be complied with – and build at least a general consensus to avoid adverse reactions later on.
PRC business culture
China also stands apart by the business practices of its corporations and their adherence to state policies that prioritise China’s economic and strategic interests.
Many of the big PRC infrastructure and township development projects, for example, invariably include design, procurement, construction and management services. Almost everything involved – technology, equipment, construction materials, even manpower – is sourced from China and benefit China-based corporations and workers. Even the working language at construction sites is Mandarin.
How do such business practices benefit the local economy? Will local companies be marginalized? How many and what kinds of jobs are really being created for Malaysians? Do these projects truly benefit the nation or just a few well-connected cronies? Are powerful Chinese corporations exempt from rules and regulations concerning transfer of technology, employment of locals, local sourcing of materials, etc., that were standard for other foreign companies?
It is instructive that African countries which were the beneficiaries of large Chinese projects are now complaining about some of these issues.
And then there is the issue of corruption.
Transparency International’s 2011 Bribe Payer Index ranks Chinese companies second out of a list of 28 countries in terms of their willingness to pay bribes. Malaysia, for its part, is now one of the most corrupt countries in the world. When two corrupt systems interact on projects that are worth billions, can there be any doubt that billions will be diverted into private coffers or used to further subvert what’s left of our democracy?
FDI or soft loans? 
It should also be noted that many of the big Chinese projects like the East Coast Railway are actually being financed through soft loans rather then foreign direct investments. Given the massive amounts involved – all coming from a single country, much of it from the state itself – the government of China could soon emerge as one of our largest creditors.
In countries like Pakistan and Sri Lanka, indebtedness to China has brought with it ruinous consequences – pressure to sell local stakes in Chinese-financed projects, 99-year leases on ports and other high-value assets, special market access and rights to additional projects on preferential terms. Some would argue that there is, in fact, a pattern of predatory lending where debt is used to ensnare small countries.
It ought to be of concern to those countries borrowing heavily from China.
Critical infrastructure
China is unique as well in its strategic focus on critical sectors of the economy. No other country, for example, is simultaneously involved in as many port projects in Malaysia – Kuala Kedah Port, Penang Port, Port Klang (Carey Island), Kuala Linggi Port, Malacca Port, Kuantan Port, Samalaju Port – and in almost every single new railway project in the country.
By contrast, other major investments and contracts involved a number of different private non-state corporations from different countries spread out over a number of different sectors.
What are the national security implications of allowing a single country, particularly one with geopolitical ambitions, to dominate our transportation infrastructure?
Interestingly, other countries are far more cautious when it comes to foreign corporations acquiring control of critical infrastructure. Australia, for example, has just set up a ‘Critical Infrastructure Centre’ to oversee key assets and assess whether foreign-led bids for key assets including power grids and ports pose any national security risks.
South China Sea
And finally, China is also the only country in the region that is aggressively challenging Malaysia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Chinese naval and coastguard units regularly and persistently intrude into our waters and harass our fishermen in pursuit of their claims to reefs, shoals and islands in the South China Sea that belong to Malaysia.
Whether we care to admit it or not, we have a growing national security crisis in the South China Sea on our hands and no coherent strategy in place to deal with it. While no one wants to see the issue escalate, it does not help that we look to the very country that challenges our sovereignty to defend it or cosy up to the very navy that intrudes into our waters and harasses our fishermen.
Too important to treat as just any other nation
For all these reasons, China is unlike any other nation we are engaged with.
While China is too big, too important to ignore or treat with hostility, it is also too important not to be managed with prudence and realism or pursued without adequate strategic focus.
We must not be so mesmerized by the opportunities that we overlook the dangers, so narrowly focused on tantalizing projects and lucrative deals that we miss the wood for the trees, so intent on private agendas and personal gain that we lose sight of national interests.
China is different, very different, from all the other countries we are engaged with; to pretend otherwise would be both foolish and naïve.